About the Book
Forage based economical feeding strategies are required to reduce the cost of quality livestock product as the feed resources alone constitutes 60-70% of the milk production cost. Thus, any effort of enhancing fodder availability and economizing the feed cost results in increased margin of profits. There is tremendous pressure of livestock on available fodder resources, as land available for fodder production has been decreasing. At present, India faces a net deficit of 35% green fodder and 10% dry crop residues. To meet the current level of livestock production and its annual growth in population, the deficit in fodder resources needs to be met either by increasing productivity, utilizing untapped fodder resources, increasing land area (may not be possible due to human pressure for food crops) or through imports. Indeed, in the world of changing socio-economic and environmental scenario, there are diverse challenges and constraints for fodder security and sustainable livestock production to meet the requirements of ever increasing human beings. A considerable amount of work has been done on different aspects of forage production and grassland management, forage processing and utilization at different organizations of India and elsewhere. In this edited book, an attempt has been made to organise the available pertinent information or approaches of enhancing fodder production and efficient utilization by researchers from various organizations. Being introduced with the forage and livestock scenario in India, this book contains adequate information on optimizing forage production, alternate land use systems for forage production, advances in forage crop improvement and seed production, and forage utilization and socioeconomic aspects including value addition and fodder marketing, green house gas emissions and climate change mitigation. It is expected that this book will be highly useful to researchers, teachers, students, policy makers and livestock farmers.