S.N. Nagarajan, a veteran Marxist scholar and activist, has evolved his own ideas of Marxism as applicable to the Indian conditions. He bases his version of Marxism on progressive and democratic trends within Indian socio-religious philosophy, specifically the social philosophy of Tamil Vaishnavism. On this basis he formulates a critique of Marxist theory and points out lacunae, which according to him are directly responsible for the debacles faced in the construction of socialism in the West as well as in the East. By incorporating traditional ‘Eastern’ wisdom including some of the ideas of Gandhi and Mao into Marxist theory he thinks we have a weapon, an ideological tool, which would help mankind forge a path towards an egalitarian social order that is non-exploitative vis-à-vis nature as well. Hence the term ‘Eastern Marxism’.
Eastern Marxism and Other Essays